European Journal of Economics, Finance and Administrative Sciences

Issue 106
September, 2020

The New Path of Social Reporting In Universities: From Corporate Social Responsibility to University Social Responsibility

Ubaldo Comite

Abstract:
The evolution of the concept of social responsibility and its reporting has undergone a remarkable development over the last few decades. If on the one hand the economic crisis has partially obscured the attention of companies to virtuous behavior, on the other the search for corporate paradigms to identify new competitive advantages has led to re-evaluate responsible management as an innovative, strategic aspect and an opportunity to exploit. The concept of social responsibility therefore arises in the business world and must necessarily undergo some adaptations for its applicability in other organizations, such as public institutions. Parallel to the development and evolution of the concept of social responsibility we are witnessing the emergence of the concept of "sustainability" closely linked to the meaning of sustainable development. This new approach therefore changes the usual reading of the business-economic activity which must be seen not only under the well-known economic-financial lens, but must also take into account the way in which the work of an organization is able to influence the subjects directly involved and those who are indirectly involved.
The concepts of social responsibility, sustainability, and the related actions have been explored and analyzed relatively recently with reference to universities. However, the term University Social Responsibility was coined only recently, a paradigm that encourages the reinterpretation of Corporate Social responsibility in order to combine it in a key peculiar to the world of universities.
The reference to Corporate Social Responsibility first and then to University Social Responsibiliy implies a precise commitment on the part of universities in order to guarantee maximum transparency and sustainability. In the university education sector, it therefore becomes extremely important to think of Corporate Social Responsibility as an integrated approach perspective, both in terms of "ethical" rigor but also in terms of the advantages that the adoption of such practices can bring in terms of benefits concerning teaching and learning, governance, community involvement, as well as the image of the university.
The aim of the work is to define the relationship between Corporate Social Responsibility and University Social Responsibility in the light of a renewed approach to university policies.
Keywords: university; company; social responsability; stakeholders; ethics; public administration.
JEL classification: M1, M14, M140


Enhancing the Role of Fiscal Policy in Achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs): Insights from Behavioral Economics with a Special Reference to Egypt

Israa A. El Husseiny

Abstract:
Fiscal policy has a crucial role to play in enhancing the delivery of the 2030 sustainable development agenda and its various economic, social, and environmental goals. Domestic resource mobilization; income redistribution and poverty alleviation; and environment protection are three key areas of fiscal interventions that come at the core of sustainable development. The evidence, however, indicates that this role of fiscal policy is almost inactive in many developing countries, where capacity of domestic resource mobilization is relatively weak, income gaps are relatively large, and environmental challenges represent a real threat. In this context, the current study investigates the potential role that behavioral economics can provide to facilitate the economic, social and environmental functions of the fiscal policy with an aim to speed up the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The analysis shows that the importance of behavioral-based fiscal interventions should not be ignored, especially in those countries where the traditional fiscal interventions proved to be insufficient and/or inefficient, as in the case of Egypt.
Keywords: fiscal policy; sustainable development; SDGs; behavioral economics; bounded rationality; social preferences; inconsistent preferences; Egypt.
JEL Classification: D91; H20; H23; H26; H30; H50; H55; Q01

The Role of Information and Communication Technology in the Innovation of Public Administrations: Some Considerations on Managerial Aspects in the Transition from E-government to E-democracy

Ubaldo Comite

Abstract:
Innovation represents a process of profound change for a company, which can concern production models, characteristics of services or forms of interface with users.
There are many necessary and effective levers to guide change (for example, new service models, incentives for change, etc.), but certainly one of the most effective and available drivers is technological innovation. It is part of a wider system of levers of change, but it certainly constitutes one of the pillars, especially in this historical phase that we are experiencing.
The difficulty of innovating in depth is even more evident in public administrations, because this means changing the composition of the services and therefore of the interests primarily protected, which are the result of long consolidated processes that have taken place between the various stakeholders.
The innovation physiologically activates processes of reallocation of the public value produced and therefore reactivates the political cycle of negotiation and allocation of benefits between the parties legitimately competing with each other.
In public administrations, innovation can concern the internal services of the organization or the territory governed by the organization itself and therefore the production and consumption processes of businesses and citizens, playing a decisive role in guiding, supporting, providing economic incentives and adjustment.
The purpose of this work is to investigate the progress of managerial culture and Information and Communication Technology within the path of renewal of the Italian public administration in the transition from e-government to e-democracy.
Keywords: ICT, public administration, innovation, managerial culture, public company, e-government, e-democracy.
JEL classification: M1, M14, M140


The Impact of Transformational Leadership on Quality of Work Life in Royal Jordanian Airlines

Bassma Ismail AL Nababteh and Shaker Jaralla Alkshali

Abstract:
The study aimed to identify the impact of transformational leadership on quality of work life in the royal Jordanian airlines. The study adopted the descriptive analytical research method which was appropriate for the purpose of study. The target population consisted all employees in the royal Jordanian airlines who represent (3716). A simple random sampling method was applied for the data collection represent (360) employees. Statistical package for social sciences (SPSS) in conducting descriptive and heuristic analysis and a number of statistical methods that are appropriate to the objectives of the study, including multiple linear regression.
The results of study showed that there is a statistically significant impact of transformational leadership in its dimensions (ideal influence, intellectual stimulation, inspirational motivation, and individual considerations) on quality of work life in royal Jordanian airlines, the results also showed that the in royal Jordanian airlines applies transformational leadership, quality of work life within an average degrees.
Finally the study recommended several recommendations, including the royal Jordanian airlines have to increase the interest in concept of transformational leadership and its main dimensions and to ensure that leaders possess the characteristics of the transformers leaders because of these positive impact in many scopes, which turn increase the effectiveness of the organization and its ability to develop and improve continuously. The study recommended also how necessary for royal Jordanian airlines to reconsider the concepts discussed during the study (transformational leadership and its dimensions, quality of work life and its dimensions) and Intensify efforts and conduct studies related to these concepts to identify and address their weaknesses, as well as develop and improve the strengths as these management concepts and its role on individuals and organizational performance.
Keywords: Transformational Leadership, Quality of Work Life, Royal Jordanian Airline.